Skip to Content

Author Archives: Carlo Vitucci

  1. Should I Buy an Ionic Air Purifier or a HEPA Purifier?

    Comments Off on Should I Buy an Ionic Air Purifier or a HEPA Purifier?

    The short answer is many times both.  Having good air quality provides immense wellbeing benefits for homes and commercial businesses. Purifying stale air limits the number of pathogens, bacteria, mold, and viruses that are breathed in by both humans and animals.  Air purifiers work to remove these pathogens from the air; however, there are many types of air purifiers, each of which functions in different ways to improve air quality.

    Two common types of air purifiers are ionic air purifiers using an advanced version of PCO (Photocatalytic Oxidation) technology, and HEPA filter air purifiers. Here we will examine the two so you can determine what is best for your application.

    Ionic Air Purifiers & HEPA Filters

    Click to Expand

    Ionic vs. HEPA Filtered Air Purifiers

    With so many types of air purifiers on the market, it can be difficult to understand how each one functions. And while there have been newly patented types of PCO systems that employ, an ozone free UV light activating the TiO2 and shifting electrons in the air creating positive and negative ions that are very reactive, Ogena Solutions uses a much different way to create the ions that has been tested to show that they do not increase VOC’s in any way. In fact, they destroy them!

    NOTE: It’s important to recognize that some ionic air purifiers generate ions through the use of an electrical field, and that these types of systems (sometimes called Bipolar or Needlepoint Ionizers) have come under scrutiny due to studies that have shown that although they can decrease the number of some types of Volatile Organic Compounds in the air, they also can increase the number of other types of VOC’s to potentially unsafe levels.  It seems that the use of an electrical field to generate the ions has caused this unwanted reaction to occur.

    HEPA purifiers use filters to catch air contaminants ie: they’re designed to capture particles in the air and not pathogens.  Having said that, since many pathogens will attach themselves to particles in the air HEPA filters can make a real difference in the amount of pathogens in the air.  Some purifiers use various filters, including an activated carbon filter to capture odors. As the fans pull the contaminated air into the machine, the first filter captures larger particulates that are present while the secondary, denser filter targets microscopic contaminants and particles. By using this circulation method, HEPA filters continually trap and block the particles from re-entering the air, but may not be successful in capturing all viruses and bacteria

    When comparing the main differences between an advanced ionic air purifier and a HEPA purifier, keep in mind that both products work well for air purification. They simply clean the air in different methods with the HEPA filter being targeted at particulates in the air such as smoke and dander and do not work at all on surfaces, while an advanced PCO device targets pathogens in the air and on surfaces but do not work well at removing large particulates from the air

    To further compare advanced ionic air purifiers and HEPA purifiers, here are their key aspects:

    • Advanced Ionic air purifiers. They have reusable filters and exhibit excellent pathogen killing abilities. The fan speed is lower on these so they run quieter than HEPA systems designed to cover a similar space. They work very well at eliminating cigarette smoke and allergy irritants, but will not work well at removing things like pet dander. However, they do not have carbon filters to provide better odor control. Depending on unit size and number Ionic air purifiers can cover almost any size of space, with a single unit being able to cover many rooms at once.  Due to the multi-room coverage far fewer units will be needed when compared to HEPA filters (that normally require separate units for each room).
    • HEPA filters. These products are good across the board for removing cigarette smoke, odors, pet dander, pet hair, and allergy irritants. They have higher speed fans to pull in the air through all the filters inside. However, they cannot kill pathogens (unless they also have a built in UV light shining on the filter) and the fairly expensive filters will need to be replaced about every 3-8 months depending on usage. Depending on unit size and number HEPA filters can cover almost any size of space.

    A Note About Ozone Generation

    Ozone generators are often confused with air purifiers as they are commonly mislabeled. Ozone generators create large amounts of ozone as its main function to bond with particles. Due to this bonding, the particles then fall to the ground to promote cleaner air. Unfortunately, ozone itself should not be used when people or animals are present, and the EPA states that ozone can create health risks such as chest pain, throat irritation, and lung tissue inflammation. It can also worsen health conditions such as asthma and other respiratory diseases. Ogena Solutions’ units do not produce any ozone at all, and are UL2998 certified as 100% ozone free!

    Patented PCO technologyCARB-Compliant Products for Better Indoor Air Quality

    Many air purifier companies seek CARB compliance for their products. CARB stands for California Air Resource Board (CARB), which is a state agency that creates regulations regarding minimum ozone generation and electronic safety standards for air purifiers. Companies that meet these compliance standards show that they go to great lengths to promote and maintain healthier air quality. CARB-compliant companies also show that they prevent hazardous air pollutants from entering the environment and protect citizens from these pollutants.  It’s important to note that although CARB certification is proof that these units do not generate ozone higher than the maximum allowable levels, they still generate ozone.

    The OgenaShield Air Purifiers by Puraclenz are CARB-compliant  but importantly are also UL 2998 certified as being 100% ozone free. Our advanced photocatalytic oxidation technology does not generate any ozone whatsoever, and effectively destroy viruses and other contaminants from the air and exposed surfaces. Our selection of advanced ionic air purifiers includes the Q60500, Q61500, and Q63000.

    Air Purifiers from Ogena Solutions

    Having clean indoor air promotes better well-being and productivity. It’s important to understand the different types of air purifiers when choosing the right one for your application. If you are looking for air purifiers for your home or facility, reach out to Ogena Solutions today, or browse our product catalog for more information about our products.


  2. Restaurant, Classroom, Office, & Commercial Air Purifiers 

    Comments Off on Restaurant, Classroom, Office, & Commercial Air Purifiers 

    Since 2005, Ogena Solutions has been dedicated to helping to protect people, animals and our environment with groundbreaking cleaning and disinfecting products and most recently commercial grade air purifiers. With state-of-the-art technology and a highly trained and educated team, we hold ourselves to the highest standards for safety, efficiency, and efficacy.

    The OgenaShield Air & Surface Purifier by Puraclenz: Air Purification Where it Matters Most

    The OgenaShield is a revolutionary air purification system that uses an advanced and patented form of photocatalytic oxidation, that unlike bipolar or pinpoint ionizers, does not create or increase the number of VOC’s in the air. Instead of using an electrical field to create ions (like Bipolar and Pinpoint ionizers do)  this unique process uses an ozone freeUV light that shines on and interacts with a titanium dioxide surface to release a powerful stream of positive and negative ions, which go on to interact with moisture in the air to form clusters of powerful ions.  These clusters react with organic and inorganic materials causing complete oxidation/destruction. Furthermore, they attack microorganisms such as viruses and bacteria by destroying their membranes (the outer part of a cell) and cytoplasm (the inner part of a cell) causing death.

    Our commercial air purifiers use this technology to actively dismantle pollutants and pathogens, rather than filtering them out of the air. In traditional filtering systems, the pathogens have to move through the space to get to the filter before they are removed. While this method is effective and used in a variety of situations, care must be taken to size these air filters correctly and place them in the appropriate positions. Still, pathogens may pass by any number of people on their way to the filter, and studies have shown that on average a well chosen particulate filtering system such as HEPA filters only capture approximately 50% of pathogens in the air.  In addition, particulate filtering systems have no effect to the pathogens on surfaces, whereas the ions produced by the OgenaShield/Puraclenz unit provides excellent 24/7 kill of viruses and bacteria on surfaces.

    With this advanced versions of photocatalytic oxidation technology, our OgenaShield system deactivates pathogens where they are. One unit can purify the air in a 3,000-square-foot space covering multiple rooms.

    The Benefits and Features

    The OgenaShield system offers several benefits:

    • Efficiently fights viruses by dismantling pathogens and pollutants into harmless substances
    • Safe to use as an office air purifier, or in any other workspace or classroom
    • New technology produces powerful ions without the production of any ozone whatsoever.
    • Purifies the air as well as hard-to-reach exposed surfaces where pollutants may have landed and settled
    • Easy to use

    Should You Buy an Air Purifier for the Workplace?

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that people in the United States spend about 90% of their time indoors, where the air quality can be up to five times worse than the air quality outside. Employees or students that work inside a building could be exposed to mold, smoke, allergens, bacteria, and more. Constant exposure to these pollutants can result in negative health effects, which contributes to reduced productivity and increased insurance costs.

    A commercial air purifier is an easy way to eliminate those pollutants as well as reduce the spread of illnesses. If one employee or student brings a common cold or the flu to the workplace or classroom, it can quickly spread. An air purifier that uses advanced photocatalytic oxidation technology can deactivate pathogens before they go on to infect someone else.

    Ogena Solutions offers three Puraclenz models, so you can match the system to your space:

    • Q60500. Ideal for rooms up to 500 square feet, including hotel rooms, commercial bathrooms, and offices.
    • Q61500. Ideal for rooms up to 1,500 square feet, including classrooms, conference rooms, senior residences, and other medium-sized open spaces.
    • Q63000. Ideal for extra large rooms up to 3,000 square feet, including waiting rooms, restaurants, and hallways. Larger spaces can be accommodated with more than one unit.

    Each of these models can cover multiple rooms in the allotted space to help prevent the spread of disease and eliminate pollutants. They can be mounted on a table, wall, or ceiling, and include a washable/reusable pre-filter.

    Commercial Air Purifiers from Ogena Solutions

    Your classroom, office, or restaurant air purifier should be able to offer ozone-free destruction of pathogens and pollutants to ensure a healthier environment for your students, employees, and customers. From offices and schools to any other commercial space, Ogena Solutions offers the technology to do that safely and cost-effectively. Shop our products to find the ideal solution for your space, or contact us to learn more about advanced photocatalytic oxidation and why it’s the best choice for air purification.


  3. DID YOUR FARM BUSINESS incur costs related to COVID-19? Funding is available in the following categories:

    Comments Off on DID YOUR FARM BUSINESS incur costs related to COVID-19? Funding is available in the following categories:
    • Preventative Occupational Health and Safety Measures for preventative occupational health and safety measures such as personal protective and medical testing equipment, enhanced cleaning and disinfection supplies and more. Learn more
    • Worker Wages and Isolation Expenses for worker wages and isolation cost reimbursements for workplace positive COVID-19 cases and close contacts ordered to isolate. Learn more
    • On-Farm Worker Safety Improvement Program for farm worker safety infrastructure projects up to $100,000 such as housing or workplace modifications and equipment to enhance health and safety of workers.  Learn more 

    Apply now for the Enhanced Agri-food Workplace Protection Program.

    Please contact OMAFRA for more details at: 1-877-424-1300 or

  4. Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria – an Extraordinary Challenge

    Comments Off on Antibiotic Resistance Bacteria – an Extraordinary Challenge

    The emergence of antibiotic resistance bacteria is an extraordinary public health challenge. Antibiotic resistance not only affects the human medicine and animal agriculture sectors; companion animal medicine has also seen an increase in pets diagnosed with antibiotic resistant infections. Pets have become an integral part of families and sharing the same environment with their human caretaker highlights the fact that antimicrobial resistance is a One Health issue. The One Health concept aims to better understand and address the health issues that arise from the intricate relationship between humans, animals, and the environment.

    Via stewardship, veterinarians have the responsibility to preserve antibiotics by using them only when the clinical condition of the pet requires it. Furthermore, veterinarians must include the pet owner in the decision-making process regarding the need to treat a pet with an antibiotic or not. Educating clients and helping them understand how their pet’s health may not warrant the use of antibiotics is a fundamental aspect of judicious antibiotic use.

    At the veterinary clinic, infection prevention protocols must be an integral component for providing excellent patient care. It is known that antimicrobial-resistant bacteria can live on environmental surfaces. Well defined cleaning and disinfection protocols, along with isolation, hand washing, and air sanitation, are the fundamental tools used in preventing the spread of resistant bacteria in the hospital environment.

  5. Saluting Farmers, Veterinarians, and feed companies for adapting and innovating

    Comments Off on Saluting Farmers, Veterinarians, and feed companies for adapting and innovating

    During this year’s Antibiotic Awareness Week Ogena Solutions wishes to salute farmers, veterinarians, and feed companies for constantly adapting and innovating their businesses to use antibiotics responsibly and only when needed.

    Today, farming and the food supply chain is complex and the understanding of the close relationship between the use of antibiotics in animals, humans, and the impact on the environment is paramount for producing safe and nutritious food for consumers. The One Health concept aims to better understand and address the health issues that arise from the intricate relationship between humans, animals, and the environment.

    A key aspect for responsible antibiotic use is to implement disease prevention strategies such as management, vaccination, proper nutrition and cleaning and disinfection. Adapting new technologies to further improve the efficacy of disease prevention strategies is essential. Technologies such as advanced photocatalytic oxidation can be used to destroy microbes in the environment and in the air. Furthermore, improving on-farm and barn sanitation between groups of animals or birds is also a key tool for disease prevention, hence lowering the amount of antibiotics needed.

    Through the use of superior cleaning and disinfection chemistry, application equipment and protocols farmers are better able to ensure that their barns offer a safer environment with a reduced pathogen load to give their new incoming livestock or poultry the best chance to stay healthy and produce at their peak.

  6. Responsible Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture

    Comments Off on Responsible Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture

    Now more than ever, people must become aware of the close relationship between the health of animals, humans, and our environment. The One Health concept aims to better understand and address the health issues that arise from the intricate relationship between them.

    Preventing and limiting the emergence and spread of infectious diseases, such as antibiotic resistant microbes, is a complex task that requires multidisciplinary collaboration. Doing so is key in enhancing the quality of patient care and improving clinical outcomes. Preventing diseases in animal agriculture is paramount for animal welfare and in safeguarding the food supply for all of us.

    The emergence of antibiotic resistance is a great challenge for humans and animals, and as in any challenge, there is an opportunity to reverse this trend. To prevent diseases from happening in the first place, working within the One Health framework to implement infection prevention, control and biosecurity measures is key. By reducing disease rates in people and animals, antibiotics are used less, thereby decreasing the probabilities of antibiotic resistant microbes.

    During this year’s Antimicrobial Awareness Week, let us recognize the importance of disease prevention and responsible antibiotic use as being important tools in the toolbox to preserve a key limited resource, antibiotics.

  7. Supporting Farmers Through COVID-19

    Comments Off on Supporting Farmers Through COVID-19

    Government program will help keep farm workers safe during the pandemic

    STONEY CREEK, Ont. — Ontario’s agriculture community was rocked during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic this past spring as the virus swept through workers in the fields.

    Between March and the end of June, more than 600 Ontario farm workers contracted the virus, and three died. In an effort to prevent a similar situation from arising in the autumn and winter, the Ontario government has introduced the
    Enhanced Agri-Food Workplace Protection Program. With $15 million from the province and $11.6 from the federal government available, this program is intended to offset some of the costs faced by farmers as they implement proper protocols and processes to combat the spread of COVID-19 and protect the health and safety of their workers.

    “Farmers are the protectors of our food security and sovereignty, and we have to make sure they come through the pandemic in good shape,” says Dave Hachey, President of Ogena Solutions. “Implementing health and safety measures comes with a cost, and this government program is an opportunity for farmers to improve their protocols, protect workers and defray some of the cost. It’s vital that farmers are aware of the support that is available to them.”

    The program, which may cover 70 per cent of a farmer’s costs of up to $15,000, includes funding for:

    • Upgrades to work spaces, worker housing or worker transportation systems to ensure appropriate safety with regards to physical distancing needs (e.g., physical barriers).
    • Providing workers with personal protective equipment and other approved safety supplies.
    • Cleaning and disinfection throughout the farm, including worker housing or worker transportation systems.
    • Supporting worker accommodations and work-site mobility that are necessary to address an immediate health and safety issue

    Funding from the program is retroactive to purchases made since March 15, 2020.

    “Physical barriers to enforce distancing, masks and other PPE and monitoring devices like thermometers are hugely important to preventing the spread of COVID-19,” says Mr. Hachey. “But they‘re just a part of the solution. A workplace needs to be clean and sanitized. Proper cleaning with the effective disinfectants is an important step to preventing the spread of the virus.”

    Effective pathogen control on the farm requires proper protocols, dedicated equipment and a Health Canada approved disinfectant. Working with a company that specializes in all three is a big step towards success. 

    In addition Ogena has new patented equipment available on a pre-order basis that kills more than 90 per cent of pathogens in the air, something that will help bunkhouses and other facilities 24 hours a day. 

    Based in Stoney Creek, Ont., Ogena Solutions is a leading provider of effective, environmentally friendly biosecurity solutions, equipment and protocols that have made great inroads into the implementation of groundbreaking improvements in biosecurity protocols in the animal health sector.


  8. Keeping Food Safe in the Second Wave

    Comments Off on Keeping Food Safe in the Second Wave

    Biosecurity on the farm will ensure food safety as we continue to battle COVID-19

    STONEY CREEK, Ont. —  As the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic approaches in North America, a renewed emphasis is once again being put on shoring up biosecurity on farms and in processing facilities.

    There is never a good time for a pandemic — or its second wave — but the timing of this one will have a significant impact on farms and agricultural processors. Fruit and vegetable growers are bringing in their harvest, and cattle, swine and poultry farms are preparing for a season that traditionally includes big dinners — Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s.

    The importance of proper biosecurity measures on the farm and in the processing plants is paramount to ensure food safety and security in the United States and Canada.

    “We live in an increasingly urban world that is far removed from the farm, both psychologically and geographically,” says Dr. Lucas Pantaleon, a technical veterinary advisor with Ogena Solutions, a company that specializes in biosecurity for farms, animal shelters and veterinary offices. “But everybody who eats relies on the farm and the food chain. It is vital that this sector is kept clean and safe — and operating — during a pandemic. The consequences otherwise are drastic. Unless you lived through the Great Depression or Second World War, you haven’t had to face a real food shortage in North America. That is a possibility if farms and processors are forced to shutter because of COVID.”

    The arrival of COVID-19 in North America earlier in the year has had a significant impact on the farm. Travel restrictions and quarantine regulations have made it difficult to bring in migrant workers. Processing plants have been forced to close for extended periods for deep cleaning. Restaurant closures significantly reduced the market where farmers sell their food. New procedures and guidelines were adopted for cleaning and disinfecting around the farm.

    Those cleaning protocols are extremely important now. Fortunately, farmers have plenty of experience practicing good biosecurity to ensure their livestock and crops are healthy.

    Dr. Pantaleon offers the following insight into keeping North America’s farms safe during this pandemic.

    • Practice Good Personal Hygiene — This has been a staple since COVID’s arrival. Hands should be washed regularly with soap and warm water regularly, and avoid touching their faces. Or use a hand sanitizer that is at minimum 70 per cent alcohol, and it should be in contact with your skin for no less than 30 seconds.
    • Wear PPE — Another that has become a staple in our daily lives, and grows in importance as more studies of COVID indicate it is more likely to be passed from person-to-person through the air than from touching surfaces. Workers should be wearing gloves, masks and/or a face shield to protect themselves and others. This also applies to visitors to the farm, whether it is suppliers dropping off needed elements or shippers picking up animals or produce.
    • Disinfect Surfaces — While the greater risk now appears to be airborne particles, it doesn’t change the fact that the virus can live on plastic and stainless steel surfaces for up to three days. Follow the label directions closely of any disinfectant to ensure you respect the required contact time for the disinfectant to be effective. It should also only be applied to a clean surface. In other words, clean the surface first, then disinfect it.
    • Practice Physical Distancing — When someone sneezes or coughs, it is rare for the droplets and particles expelled to travel more than two metres (six feet). This is why physical distancing is so important. Farms should continue measures implemented in the spring — staggering shifts to ensure not everybody is at the farm at the same time, putting workers in an environment where they can do their job while maintaining a safe distance from their co-workers and encouraging employees to stay home if they are sick. Whether it is COVID-19 or not, an employee should not come to work if they are sick.
    • Use Products that are Safe — Some disinfectants commonly used — like hydrogen peroxide and chlorine — can be harsh on animals, users, farm equipment, the environment and human skin. But Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide is a blend of common ingredients with low levels of hydrogen peroxide that is a potent germicide and cleaner, while less damaging to equipment and safe for livestock. It doesn’t require personal protective equipment when it is being used, and is harmless to the environment.

    About Ogena Solutions:

    Ogena Solutions, was formed from the company Anivac Corporation which was created in Canada in 2005. Ogena (pronounced “O-Jenna”) Solutions is dedicated to providing complete effective, environmentally friendly bio-security solutions, equipment and protocols as well as ground breaking (patented) animal bathing systems. It currently operates in the animal health sector including shelters, veterinary, pet boarding and daycare, food animal and general farm applications. Bio-security, green technologies and leading edge bathing systems are central to the company’s product focus.  Ogena’s equipment, products and matching usage protocols are respected as being the best and most efficient products available in animal health today.

  9. Agriculture Workers and Employers

    Comments Off on Agriculture Workers and Employers
    Interim Guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department of Labor
    Key Points
    • Management in the agriculture industry should conduct work site assessmentsexternal icon to identify coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) risks and infection prevention strategies to protect workers.
    • Work site guidance for COVID-19 prevention and control should be taken into consideration in employer-furnished shared worker housing, transportation vehicles and work settings.
    • Prevention practices should follow the hierarchy of controls, which includes using source control and a combination of engineering controls, administrative controls (especially proper sanitation, cleaning, and disinfection), and personal protective equipment.
    • Grouping workers together into cohorts may reduce the spread of COVID-19 transmission in the workplace by minimizing the number of different individuals who come into close contact with each other over the course of a week, and may also reduce the number of workers quarantined because of exposure to the virus.
    • Owners/operators should maximize opportunities to place farmworkers residing together in the same vehicles for transportation and in the same cohorts to limit exposure.
    • Basic information and training about infection prevention should be provided to all farmworkers in languages they can understand.
    • Agriculture work sites developing plans for continuing operations where COVID-19 is spreading among workers or in the surrounding community should work directly with appropriate state and local public health officials and occupational safety and health professionals.

    Who this guidance is for: All agriculture workers and their employers.

    Farm operations vary across regions of the country. This guidance provides a template of action to protect agriculture workers from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Agricultural employers can adapt these recommendations to protect workers at their particular work sites or in specific work operations.

    Purpose: Agriculture work sites, shared worker housing, and shared worker transportation vehicles present unique challenges for preventing and controlling the spread of COVID-19. Consistent application of specific preparation, prevention, and management measures can help reduce the risk of spreading COVID-19.

    Workers on farms, ranches, and other production agriculture work sites are considered critical infrastructure workers within the Food and Agriculture Sectorpdf iconexternal icon.  All agriculture work sites should follow, as feasible, relevant aspects of CDC guidance, including but not limited to this document, CDC’s Critical Infrastructure Guidance, and guidance from regulatory bodies such as the Food and Drug Administration, as needed. Additionally, they should work directly with appropriate state and local public health officials and occupational safety and health professionals.

    This interim guidance is based on what is currently known about COVID-19. CDC and the U.S. Department of Labor will update this guidance as needed and as additional information becomes available. Please check the CDC COVID-19 website periodically for updated guidance.


    COVID-19 is a respiratory illness caused by a new virus called SARS-CoV-2. Symptoms often include a fever, cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, chills, muscle pain, sore throat, or new loss of taste and smell.

    Workers who may be at higher risk for severe illness include older adults and people of any age with certain underlying medical conditions like chronic kidney disease, obesity, diabetes, or serious heart conditions. Policies and procedures addressing issues related to workers at higher risk of severe illness from COVID-19 should be made in consultation with licensed healthcare and human resource professionals.

    The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person:

    • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
    • Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.

    Recent studies indicate that people who are not showing symptoms can spread the virus. It may also be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. This is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads, but we are still learning more about this virus. Based on the limited information available to date, the risk of animals spreading COVID-19 to people is considered to be low.

    Exposure risk among agriculture workers and employers

    There is no evidence that livestock, crops, or products that may be handled by workers involved in production agriculture are sources of COVID-19 infection. However, close contact with coworkers may contribute to spreading the virus among workers.

    Distinctive factors that affect farmworkers’ risk for COVID-19 in production agriculture workplaces include:

    • Distance between workers – farmworkers often have close contact to one another both in the fields and indoors. Workers may also be near one another at other times, such as when clocking in or out, during breaks, when sharing transportation, or in shared housing.
    • Duration of contact – farmworkers often have prolonged close contact with coworkers, both on the work site and during transportation and in some housing. Continued contact with potentially infectious individuals increases the risk of COVID-19 transmission.
    • Type of contact – farmworkers may be exposed to COVID-19 through respiratory droplets in the air—for example, when workers who have the virus cough, sneeze, or talk. Exposure could also occur when workers have contact with contaminated surfaces or objects, such as tools, equipment, tractors, workstations, toilet facilities, or break room tables and then touch their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. This is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads, but we are still learning more about how this virus spreads.
    • Other factors that may increase risk among some workers include:
      • Sharing transportation such as ride-share vans or shuttle vehicles, car-pools, and public transportation.
      • Living in employer-furnished housing and sharing living quarters, cooking and eating areas, bathrooms, and laundry facilities with fellow workers.
      • Living in crowded and multigenerational housing.
      • Contact within their households/families and with fellow workers in community settings in areas with ongoing community transmission.
      • Mobility of the workforce (i.e., migrant workers) who, in moving from farm to farm, can potentially spread the virus between communities.
      • Poor access to clean water for hygiene purposes throughout the day.
    Create a COVID-19 assessment and control plan

    Farm owners and operators can prevent and slow the spread of COVID-19. Owners/operators should develop a COVID-19 assessment and control plan to protect themselves and farmworkers, in accordance with the CDC Interim Business Guidance for Businesses and Employees and General Business Frequently Asked QuestionsState and local health departmentsexternal icon may also provide resources to aid in the development of these plans. Owners/operators can respond in flexible ways to varying levels of disease transmission in the community and be prepared to refine their control plans as needed. A control plan should reflect the specific region, work site space, job tasks, and other features of each farm, ranch, orchard, or other agricultural operations and locations. Those involved in the work can best set priorities and assess how realistic these recommendations are for specific situations at their facilities.

    Owners/operators should designate a qualified workplace coordinator who will be responsible for COVID-19 assessment and control planning. All workers should know how to contact the identified coordinator with any COVID-19 concerns, and the coordinator should handle such concerns confidentially, as appropriate. The workplace coordinator should have a means to communicate in the preferred languages spoken or read by the workers, if possible, and provide materials at the appropriate literacy level. Farmworkers should also be provided with contact information about where to get COVID-19 testing.

    The workplace coordinators and management need to follow all applicable federal, state, and local regulations and should be aware of the evolving nature of recommendations regarding worker safety and health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Work site assessments to identify COVID-19 risks and prevention strategies should be done periodically as part of sound occupational health and public health practice.

    Control plan

    Recommendations for worker infection prevention are based on an approach known as the hierarchy of controls. This approach groups actions by their likely effectiveness in reducing or removing hazards. In most cases, the preferred approach is to eliminate a hazard or hazardous processes (e.g. exclude sick workers and visitors), install feasible engineering controls, and implement appropriate protocols for cleaning, disinfection and sanitation to further reduce exposure or shield farmworkers. Until such controls are in place, or if they are not effective, other administrative control measures and personal protective equipment (PPE) will be needed.

    Screening and monitoring workers

    Consider screening farmworkers for COVID-19 signs and symptoms (e.g., temperature checks).[1] Uniform policies and procedures for screening workers should be developed in consultation with state and local health officials and occupational medicine professionals. Possible options to screen workers for COVID-19 symptoms could include:

    • Screening prior to entry into the work site, or if possible, before boarding shared transportation.
    • Asking workers in appropriate languages if they have had a fever (or feelings of feverishness), respiratory symptoms, or other symptoms in the past 24 hours.
    • Checking temperatures of workers at the start of each shift to identify anyone with a fever of 100.4℉ or greater (or reported feelings of feverishness).
    • Do not let employees enter the workplace if they have a fever of 100.4℉ or greater (or reported feeling of feverishness), or if screening results indicate that the worker is suspected of having COVID-19-like symptoms (see managing sick workers below).
    • Encouraging workers to report symptoms immediately, when onsite.
    • Encouraging workers who have symptoms to self-isolate and contact a healthcare provider, or when appropriate, providing them with access to direct medical care or telemedicine. Also:
      • Coordinating any recommended diagnostic testing with the occupational medicine provider, or state and local public health officials.
      • Providing them with information on when it is safe to return to work along with the operation’s return-to-work policies and procedures.
      • Informing human resources, health unit (if in place), and supervisor (so worker can be moved off schedule during illness and a replacement can be assigned, if available).

    Ensure that personnel performing screening activities, including temperature checks, are appropriately protected from exposure to potentially infectious workers entering the facility by:

    • Training temperature screeners to use temperature monitors according to manufacturer instructions.
    • Using temperature monitors that are accurate under conditions of use (such as extreme hot/cold weather temperatures).
    • Protecting the screener through the use of social distancing, barrier or partition controls, and personal protective equipment (PPE). However, reliance on PPE alone is a less effective control and is more difficult to implement, given PPE shortages and training requirements.
    •  If temperature screeners need to be within 6 feet of workers, providing them with appropriate PPE:
      • Such PPE should include gloves, a gown, a face shield, and, at a minimum, a facemask. See OSHA’s PPE standards at 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Iexternal icon.
      • Train employees on how to properly put on, take off, and dispose of all PPE.
      • Filtering facepiece respirators, such as N95s, may be appropriate for workers performing screening duties. If respirators are needed, they must be used in the context of a comprehensive respiratory protection program that includes medical evaluation, fit testing, and training in accordance with OSHA’s Respiratory Protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134external icon). [2]

    Managing sick workers

    Workers who appear to have symptoms including a fever, cough, shortness of breath, or a two-or-more of the following symptoms including chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, or new loss of taste or smell, upon arrival at work, or who develop these symptoms during the day should immediately be separated from others at the workplace, sent to their permanent or temporary housing arrangements, or—when they can’t be isolated in their existing housing arrangement—placed in alternative housing arrangements under quarantine away from other workers. (Note: employers should consult DOLexternal icon and DHSexternal icon regulations and/or guidance for any additional requirements or obligations concerning temporary foreign workers under the H-2A program).

    Since we don’t know for sure which animals can be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, sick workers should stay away from animals, including livestock and pets, during their illness. Sick workers should be provided with informational resources to access medical attention should they need it. One such resource may be the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) websiteexternal icon which identifies HRSA-funded health centers. These health centers can assess whether a patient needs further evaluation, which may be done over the phone or using telehealth. Individuals may also receive primary health care services at their local health center at a reduced cost or free of charge depending on their economic status. Most people with COVID-19 will have mild illness and can recover at home.

    Ensure that personnel managing sick employees are provided with appropriate PPE and training. For personnel who need to be within 6 feet of a sick colleague, follow the same PPE considerations listed for screeners above and consult OSHA’s PPE standards at 29 CFR 1910 Subpart Iexternal icon.

    If a worker is confirmed to have COVID-19, owners/operators should consider ways to inform anyone at the work site, to the extent it is reasonably knowable, who has been in sustained, close contact (within 6 feet) with that worker of their possible exposure to COVID-19 based on the CDC Public Health Recommendations for Community-Related Exposure. However, the owners/operators should protect the infected worker’s confidentiality and not identify them, as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).external icon

    If a worker becomes or reports being sick, clean and disinfect the work area, equipment, common areas used (break areas, bathrooms, vehicles, etc.), and any tools handled by the symptomatic worker. If a worker is in employer-furnished housing, consider providing a dedicated space for the worker to recover away from others, and then clean and disinfect living quarters, cooking and eating areas, bathrooms, and laundry facilities. Do not allow other workers to use these areas until they have been cleaned and disinfected. A worker going to a home in the community can be provided with guidancepdf icon to mitigate risk of transmission in the home.

    Owners/operators should work with state, tribal, local, and territorial (STLT) health officials to facilitate the identification of other exposed and potentially exposed individuals, such as coworkers. Facilities should work with STLT officials to consider the appropriate role for testing and workplace contact tracing (i.e., identifying person-to-person spread) after a worker tests positive for COVID-19.

    On-site healthcare personnel, such as facility nurses or emergency medical technicians, should follow appropriate CDC and OSHA protective guidance for healthcare and emergency response personnel.

    Addressing return to work after worker exposure to COVID-19

    The COVID-19 pandemic is constantly changing, so employers of critical infrastructure workers will need to continue to reassess COVID-19 transmission levels in their area and follow recommendations from local, state, and federal officials. This guidance does not replace state and local directives for businesses.

    Control plan—Engineering controls

    Assess and identify opportunities to limit close contact with others (maintain a distance of at least 6 feet between people whenever possible) if feasible. This includes owners, operators, farmworkers, supervisors, crew leaders, delivery personnel, and anyone else entering the agricultural workplace. Engage farmworkers in this assessment process.

    Adding touch-free methods (i.e., touch-free time clocks, automatic doors) or rearranging work tasks can help farmworkers stay at least 6 feet away from others. Possible options may include:

    • Adjusting workflow to allow for a 6-foot distance between farmworkers, if feasible.
    • Installing shields or barriers, such as plastic, between farmworkers, when a 6-foot distance between farmworkers is not possible.
    • Adding additional clock in/out stations (touch-free if available) or additional time for clocking in/out to reduce crowding, if feasible.
    • Removing or rearranging chairs and tables or adding visual cue marks in employee break areas to support social distancing between farmworkers.

    Employers should also train workers to follow protective measures while on breaks.

    Control plan—Cleaning, disinfection, and sanitation

    Hand hygiene

    • Encourage farmworkers to wash their hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
    • Farmworkers must have reasonable access to permanent and/or temporary hand washing facilities equipped with soap, potable water, and clean, single-use towels (29 CFR 1928.110external icon40 CFR 170.411external icon170.509external icon and 170.605(h)-(j)external icon). Easy access is especially important in areas where multiple farmworkers are working; increase the number of hand washing stations to minimize the distance to a station and the likelihood of crowding at stations.
    • In addition, to increasing the frequency of hand washing, if hands aren’t visibly soiled or dirty, farmworkers can use hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol, rubbing hands until they are dry.

    These sanitizing stations should be in multiple locations on the farm, if feasible, such as the point of entry or exit to a farm field, the location where farmworkers clock in/out, and, if possible, in individual containers made available to workers in field settings.

    Disinfection and sanitation

    Farm owners/operators should develop sanitation protocols for daily cleaning and sanitation of work sites, where it is feasible to disinfect the work site, as well as cleaning and disinfecting procedures for high-touch areas such as tools, equipment, and vehicles used by farmworkers, following CDC guidance on cleaning methods. In addition, they should:

    • Follow the manufacturer’s contact time recommendations to make sure solutions remain on surfaces for the recommended time.
    • Since children may be present on the farm, plan how to keep cleaning chemicals, including hand sanitizers out of reach of children.
    • Choose disinfectants or alternative cleaning methods (e.g., soap and water) for surfaces with which food comes into contact.

    Also see additional information from EPA on cleaning and disinfecting workplacesexternal icon.

    Conduct targeted and more frequent cleaning and disinfecting of high-touch areas of shared spaces (e.g., time clocks, bathroom fixtures, vending machines, railings, door handles). For example, possible options may include:

    • Clean and disinfect break areas between each group using the areas, as well as daily.
    • Clean and disinfect locker rooms at the end of each shift.
    • Provide disposable disinfectant wipes or other appropriate disinfectant supplies, and required PPE to use these safely, so that commonly touched surfaces can be wiped down, as needed.
    • Refer to the Transportation Section below for guidance on sanitizing farm vehicles and implements.

    Sanitizing tools and equipment

    Tools vary by agricultural production, but examples include handheld hoes, rakes, crates, milking equipment (including electronic components), gates, saddles, and animal harnesses.

    • Where possible, do not share tools.
    • If tools are used by multiple employees, they should be cleaned and disinfected between each employee use, if possible.
    • When cleaning and disinfecting after each use is not possible, daily targeted and more frequent cleaning of shared equipment and tools is needed. In such cases, workers may also need to use gloves when handling shared tools and equipment.
    • Dispose of all cleaning material and non-reusable PPE in compliance with OSHA standardsexternal icon to prevent further spread of COVID-19.
    Control plan—Administrative controls


    All communication and training for workers should be easy to understand and should be provided in languages appropriate to the preferred languages spoken or read by those receiving the training, be at the appropriate literacy level, and include accurate and timely information about:

    • Signs and symptoms of COVID-19, how it spreads, risks for workplace exposures, and how workers can protect themselves.
    • Proper handwashing practices and use of hand sanitizer stations.
    • Farm-specific social distancing practices (e.g., how to move through fields in a way that allows workers to stay at least 6 feet apart).
    • Cough and sneeze etiquette.
    • Other routine infection control precautions:
      • Putting on and taking off masks and gloves.
      • Social distancing measures.
    • Steps to take if they get sick.
    • Employer policies regarding COVID-19 (disinfection protocols, housing and worker isolation, sick leave policies) and how employees should alert their supervisors if they are experiencing signs or symptoms of COVID-19 or if they have had recent close contact with a suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case.

    Employers should consider placing simple posters at the entrance to the workplace and in break areas, employer furnished housing, and other workplace areas where they are likely to be seen. Posters should be in all of the languages that are common in the worker population. CDC has free, simple posters available to download and print, some of which are translated into different languages. OSHA provides additional informationexternal icon about training on its COVID-19 webpage.

    Review leave and sick leave policies

    • Consider modifying policies to make sure that ill workers are not in the workplace and are not penalized for taking sick leave. Make sure that workers are aware of and understand these policies.
    • Analyze any incentive programs and consider modifying them, if warranted, so that workers are not penalized for taking sick leave if they have COVID-19.
    • Consider additional flexibilities that might include giving advances on future sick leave and allowing workers to donate sick leave to each other.

    Promote social distancing

    • Consider reducing crew sizes, staggering work shifts, mealtimes, and break times, and having farmworkers alternate rows in fields to facilitate a 6-foot distance between each other.
    • Consider placing materials (such as harvesting buckets) and produce at a central transfer point instead of transferring directly from one worker to the next.
    • Consider grouping healthy workers together into cohorts that include the same workers each day. This can increase the effectiveness of altering normal shift schedules by making sure that groups of workers are always assigned to the same shifts with the same coworkers. Effectiveness is optimized if it is aligned with shared living quarters and shared transportation. Grouping workers into cohorts may reduce the spread of COVID-19 transmission in the workplace by minimizing the number of different individuals who come into close contact with each other over the course of a week, and may also reduce the number of workers quarantined because of exposure to the virus.
    • Grouped workers, as described above, are considered a single household or family. Farmworkers that are in the same shared housing unit should follow the Households Living in Close Quarters Guidance. Owners/operators should maximize opportunities to place farmworkers residing together in the same vehicles for transportation and in the same groups to limit exposure.
    • When providing training, consider providing it outside, in smaller than usual groups with participants 6 feet apart.
    Cloth face coverings in agricultural operations

    CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings as a protective measure in addition to social distancing (i.e., staying at least 6 feet away from others). Cloth face coverings may be especially important when social distancing is not possible or feasible based on working conditions. A cloth face covering may reduce the amount of large respiratory droplets that a person spreads when talking, sneezing, or coughing. Cloth face coverings may prevent people who do not know they have the virus that causes COVID-19 from spreading it to others. Cloth face coverings are intended to protect other people—not the wearer.

    Cloth face coverings are not PPE. They are not appropriate substitutes for PPE such as respirators (like N95 respirators) or medical facemasks (like surgical masks) in workplaces where respirators or facemasks are recommended or required to protect the wearer.

    While wearing cloth face coverings is a public health measure intended to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in communities, it may not be practical for workers to wear a single cloth face covering for the full duration of a work shift (e.g., eight or more hours) in agricultural operations if they become wet, soiled, or otherwise visibly contaminated during the work shift. If cloth face coverings are worn in these operations, employers should provide readily available clean cloth face coverings (or disposable facemask options) for workers to use when the coverings become wet, soiled, or otherwise visibly contaminated.

    Employers who determine that cloth face coverings should be worn in the workplace, including to comply with state or local requirements for their use, should ensure the cloth face coverings:

    • Fit over the nose and mouth and fit snugly but comfortably against the side of the face;
    • Are secured with ties or ear loops;
    • Include multiple layers of fabric;
    • Allow for breathing without restriction (and are not worn by anyone with trouble breathing);
    • Can be put on and removed by the wearer without help;
    • Do not lead to heat-related illness (OSHA’s Heat pageexternal icon offers tips on water and rest breaks);
    • Can be laundered using the warmest appropriate water setting and machine dried daily after the shift, without damage or change to shape (a clean cloth face covering should be used each day);
    • Are not used if they become wet or contaminated;
    • Are replaced with clean replacements, provided by employer, as needed;
    • Are not shared among workers unless adequately laundered between uses;
    • Are handled as little as possible to prevent transferring infectious materials to the cloth; and
    • Are not worn with or instead of respiratory protectionexternal icon when respirators are needed.

    Since cloth face coverings may be difficult to wear for extended periods of time, especially in hot humid environments, require touching of the face and repositioning of the coverings, and may require frequent removal and replacement for water or nourishment breaks, social distancing will be very important when use of cloth face coverings are not feasible. In such instances, employers may also consider providing workers with alternatives to cloth face coverings, such as face shields.

    Control plan—Personal protective equipment (PPE)

    As part of their hazard assessments, owners and operators should consider whether PPE is necessary to protect workers. This is especially important when engineering and administrative controls are difficult to maintain and there may be exposure to other workplace hazards.

    Farm workers who have frequent and/or close contact (i.e., within 6 feet of) with coworkers who may be infected with SARS-CoV-2 are in the medium risk exposure category based on the Guidance on Preparing Workplaces for COVID-19pdf iconexternal icon. Medium risk workers rarely are required to use respirators for infection control. See the PPE section beginning on page 14 of the bookletpdf iconexternal icon for details. As is always the case when respirators are not required to protect workers, owners and operators may consider allowing voluntary use of filtering facepiece respirators (such as N95s) if workers wish to provide and use such equipment on their own. Owners and operators who allow voluntary use of respirators should ensure they comply with the voluntary use provisions of the OSHA Respiratory Protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134external icon). Be aware that the use of filtering facepiece respirators may increase the risk of heat-related illness. Owners and operators should adjust water availability and frequency of breaks as appropriate whenever workers are at risk of heat-related illness.

    Farmworkers may need PPE such as gloves, face and eye protection, and other types of PPE when cleaning and disinfecting work sites, including frequently touched surfaces, tools, and equipment. Anyone involved in cleaning and/or disinfecting workspaces or equipment should wear gloves selected based on information provided in the manufacturer’s Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for the specific sanitizing or disinfectant agent.

    When PPE is needed, owners and operators should consider additional hazards that may be created by poorly fitting PPE in the work environment.

    Training in the use of PPE

    • Provide appropriate PPE training via the use of videos or in-person visual demonstrations, and ensure PPE is used properly by all farmworkers. Maintain physical/social distancing during these demonstrations. The following points should be included in training:
      • When to use PPE and what PPE is necessary.
      • How to properly don (put on) and doff (remove) PPEpdf icon.
      • How to properly dispose of PPE, or if reusable, how to properly clean, and as appropriate, decontaminate PPE.
      • Reminder to change PPE if it becomes torn, dirty, or otherwise damaged.
      • After removing any PPE, always wash hands with soap and water for 20 seconds. If soap and water are not immediately available, and hands are not visibly dirty, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol, rubbing hands until they are dry, may be used.

    Glove use

    Farmworkers can continue to wear whatever gloves they normally wear while doing fieldwork. Such gloves may include disposable gloves made of lightweight nitrile or vinyl, or heavy-duty rubber work gloves that can be disinfected.

    Special considerations for shared housing

    Farmworkers may have limited control over their environment in some employer furnished housing. Owners/operators should provide basic guidance about COVID-19 and steps being taken to prevent transmission in housing areas in language(s) the farmworkers understand. CDC also provides guidance for shared or congregate housing facilities.

    Family members should be kept together in housing facilities. In addition, grouped or cohorted workers, as described above, can be considered a single household or family. Farmworkers that are in the same shared housing unit should follow the Households Living in Close Quarters Guidance. Most importantly, in employer-furnished housing, the owner/operator should provide a dedicated and segregated space for sleeping quarters, kitchens and restrooms for farmworkers with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 to recuperate without infecting others.

    In addition to using cohorting for shared housing, additional measures such as enhanced sanitation and social distancing should be taken to reduce the likelihood of transmission within a shared housing group. These measures are detailed below.

    Housing and enhanced sanitation

    • Provide disposable gloves, soap for hand washing, and household cleaners to help residents and staff implement personal preventive measures.
    • Develop and implement enhanced sanitation and cleaning plans that address frequency of sanitation and cleaning, and identify a responsible person.
    • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, or eating utensils. Non-disposable food service items used should be handled with gloves and washed with dish soap and hot water or in a dishwasher.

    Disinfecting living quarters, cooking and eating areas, bathrooms, and laundry facilities

    • Ensure shared rooms have good air flow:
      • Use an air conditioner or open windows, if possible.
      • Clean air conditioner units and change filters according to the manufacturer’s directions.
      • Provide air filtration systems in units without air conditioners, if possible.
    • Clean common areas routinely following CDC cleaning and disinfection guidelines. Residents should regularly clean and sanitize living quarters following CDC cleaning and disinfection guidelines.
    • Provide supplies for cleaning shared cooking utensils (such as knives, ladles, spatulas) and shared appliances (such as stoves, microwaves, and refrigerators, etc.).
    • Maintain access to laundry facilities and post guidelines for doing laundry, if possible (e.g., restrict the number of people allowed in laundry rooms at one time to ensure social distancing, avoid shaking dirty laundry).
    • Provide appropriate storage options for reusable PPE, such as work gloves, coveralls, safety glasses, boots, etc., to prevent cross contamination.

    Housing and social distancing

    • Support social distancing during the entire time farmworkers are housed, including while recreating, cooking, and sleeping.
    • Consider if possible, adding physical barriers, such as plastic flexible screens, between bathroom sinks when there are multiple sinks. Modify common areas to encourage social distancing, if feasible, including furniture removal or spacing.
    • Consider modifications to bed configurations to maximize social distancing in sleeping quarters, to the extent feasible. This may be accomplished through:
      • Head-to-toe sleeping arrangements with at least 6 feet of distance between beds.
      • Adding physical barriers, such as plastic flexible screens when beds cannot be 6 feet apart.
      • Minimizing or avoiding the use of bunk beds, which make distancing more difficult.
    • If possible and environmental conditions allow, conduct meetings and conversations outdoors to minimize congregating in close quarters.
    • Encourage residents to wear cloth face coverings in shared spaces.
    • Advise residents that cloth face coverings should not be placed on young children under age 2, anyone who has trouble breathing, or is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

    Other important considerations in shared housing

    • Consider instituting daily health checks (e.g., symptom and/or temperature screening) and daily reporting to supervisors prior to and during the housing period to identify illnesses early.
    • Complete the health checks in a way that keeps workers from congregating in large crowds, such as providing multiple screening points or staggered reporting times.
    • Maintain confidentiality of workers with confirmed COVID-19 infection.
    • Establish isolation plans for responding to farmworkers with COVID-19:
      • Provide accommodations separate from others, if feasible. Consider designating one person who is not at higher risk of severe illness to assist an ill, isolated person and that personnel managing sick employees are appropriately protected from exposure. When personnel need to be within 6 feet of a sick colleague, follow the same PPE considerations for screeners who need to be within 6 feet of workers.
      • Consider using separate buildings or rooms instead of physical barriers where possible.
      • Consider providing separate food and bathroom access where possible.
      • Consider restricting access to non-essential persons.
      • Provide medical access and telemedicine for emergent illnesses.
      • Provide transportation, if necessary, in a manner that does not expose others.
      • Consult with a clinician or public health authority so they may monitor the situation and provide guidance on treatment and continued housing of all farmworkers.

    For H-2A temporary housing considerations, review DOL explanation of alternative housing arrangements in response to COVID-19. pdf iconexternal icon

    Special considerations for shared transportation

    Help prevent the spread of COVID-19 when carpoolingHow carpooling may help prevent the spread of COVID-19

    Available for Download pdf icon[1 Page]

    Marshallesepdf icon | Russianpdf icon
    Spanishpdf icon | Tamilpdf icon
    Telugupdf icon | Vietnamesepdf icon

    Transportation used by farmworkers may be provided by the employer, owner/operator, or a contractor, or might be a carpool arranged by the farmworkers. The following considerations should apply to all types of transportation to and from the agricultural work site:

    • Provide as much space between riders as possible.
    • Group (or cohort) workers in the same crews and/or those sharing living quarters together when transporting.
    • Increase the number of vehicles and the frequency of trips to limit the number of people in a vehicle.
    • Make hand hygiene (hand washing/hand sanitizer) available and encourage riders to use hand hygiene before entering the vehicle and when arriving at destination.
    • Instruct riders to follow coughing and sneezing etiquette when in the vehicle.
    • Highly encourage all passengers and drivers to wear cloth face coverings when in the vehicle.

    Transportation vehicles should be cleaned and disinfected in accordance with CDC guidelines for non-emergency transport vehicles before and after each trip, or daily at minimum.

    Special considerations for children

    Taking children to a work site not only exposes them to the hazards in the environment, but also distracts workers from their tasks, increasing the risk of injury for children and adults.

    • Advise farmworkers to continue sending their children to childcare while they are working at the farm, if possible. Please see: Guidance for Child Care Programs that Remain Open.
    • Establish and enforce policies for farmworkers that restrict children from work sites. If childcare programs and K-12 schools are not open, the work site is not an acceptable alternative.
    • Even when homes and work sites overlap, continue to restrict children from the work site.
    • If youth farmworkers are hired, ensure you are following labor lawsexternal icon and assigning age-appropriate tasksexternal icon, including as required by child labor regulations at 29 CFR Part 570.
    • For hired youth, provide extra supervision and guidance, especially highlighting protection methods to minimize their exposure to COVID-19.
    Other information


    Worker health and safety in the agriculture industry is regulated under 29 CFR Part 1928external icon and the General Duty Clauseexternal icon of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act). Part 1928 covers “agricultural operations,” which would generally include any activities involved in the growing and harvesting of crops, egg production, and the raising of livestock. OSHA enforces most of the applicable standards, as well as the General Duty Clause, when no specific standard applies. However, the Wage & Hour Division (WHD) has shared authority with OSHA over two standards: the Field Sanitation standard (29 CFR 1928.110external icon) and the Temporary Labor Camp standard (29 CFR 1910.142external icon). The Environmental Protection Agency implements the Worker Protection Standardexternal icon (40 CFR Part 170) to protect farmworkers and pesticide handlers from pesticides.

    Workers’ rights

    Section 11(c)external icon of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970external icon, 29 USC 660(c), prohibits employers from retaliating against workers for raising concerns about safety and health conditions Additionally, OSHA’s Whistleblower Protection Programexternal icon enforces the provisions of more than 20 industry-specific federal laws protecting employees from retaliation for raising or reporting concerns about hazards or violations of various airline, commercial motor carrier, consumer product, environmental, financial reform, food safety, health insurance reform, motor vehicle safety, nuclear, pipeline, public transportation agency, railroad, maritime, securities, and tax laws. OSHA encourages workers who suffer such retaliation to submit a complaint to OSHAexternal icon as soon as possible in order to file their complaint within the legal time limits, some of which may be as short as 30 days from the date they learned of or experienced retaliation. An employee can file a complaint with OSHA by visiting or callingexternal icon his or her local OSHA office; sending a written complaint via fax, mail, or email to the closest OSHA office; or filing a complaint onlineexternal icon. No particular form is required, and complaints may be submitted in any language.

    OSHA provides recommendations intended to assist employers in creating workplaces that are free of retaliation and guidance to employers on how to properly respond to workers who may complain about workplace hazards or potential violations of federal laws. OSHA urges employers to review its publication Recommended Practices for Anti-Retaliation Programspdf iconexternal icon.


    [1] Employers should evaluate the burdens and benefits of recording workers’ temperatures or asking them to complete written questionnaires. These types of written products may become records that must be retained for the duration of the workers’ employment plus 30 years. See OSHA’s Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records standard (29 CFR 1910.1020external icon). If employers do not record workers’ temperatures, they would not be records that must be retained. Thus, employers and workers may wish to avoid making a record of temperatures when workers’ temperatures are checked.

    [2] While OSHA’s Respiratory Protection standard (29 CFR 1910.134external icon) does not apply to agricultural operations, performing screening, including checking workers’ temperatures, is not integrally related to the growing and harvesting of crops. Personnel performing screening are covered by OSHA’s general industry standards at 29 CFR Part 1910external icon, including the Respiratory Protection standard. Screening activities also would not qualify for certification as “agricultural labor or services” under the H-2A visa program.Additional Resources


    This guidance is not a standard or regulation, and it creates no new legal obligations. It contains recommendations as well as descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards. The recommendations are advisory in nature, informational in content, and are intended to assist employers in providing a safe and healthful workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to comply with safety and health standards and regulations promulgated by OSHA or by a state with an OSHA-approved state plan. In addition, the Act’s General Duty Clause, Section 5(a) (1), requires employers to provide their employees with a workplace free from recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious physical harm.